Kid’s first visit at Ophthalmologist
Article by Dr. Nikolaos Kosei (Surgeon Ophthalmologist – Pediatric Ophthalmologist, Director: Department of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology & Ophthalmology)
Every newborn baby knows the world through his senses. Good vision will help communicate, move, learn.
How does a baby see?
Children’s vision is not complete at birth. It takes about 8 years to perfect it. From the very first days of his life, the newborn baby is visually trying to communicate and get to know the world that surrounds it. In the first 2 months, it looks blurred and colorless, and it can also shrivel temporarily. In the 3rd – 4th month he begins to fascinate his eyes on faces and objects, to see colors, while his vision, month by month and year by year, continues to improve, until the age of 8 reaches his levels adult. So every age has its own normal score of sight. For example, when we say that a 2 year old child sees very well, we mean he sees very well about his age. Vision at any age plays a specific role. It supports the development of skills required by the age of each child. For example, good vision in infancy helps the infant communicate and get to know the world around him, develop his basic motor skills, and so on. Good eyesight in pre-school and early-age children helps them develop complex movement, painting and handicraft skills, and school-age children help them develop school skills such as reading, writing, sports, and more. But in order for vision to develop properly, children’s eyes and visual system should be structured and mature naturally over time. Eye damage in infancy should be treated immediately because it can lead to permanent visual disturbances.
How often are ophthalmologic problems in children?
7-8% of pre-school children experience some ophthalmological problems (strabismus, amblyopia, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, etc.), which may cause permanent visual disturbance.
How can parents suspect that their child has a vision problem?
Some ophthalmological conditions are obvious, such as strabismus, others are manifested by “strange” behaviors, such as frequent eyewashing, approaching television, disturbed balance, reduced performance in school, frequent headaches,
Many times, however, these problems are not apparent and are detected accidentally after a screening test.
Early diagnosis and treatment is very important because it can lead to complete healing, which is not the case when diagnosis and treatment are delayed.
For this reason, preventive pre-school checks are necessary, especially when the world of children is becoming more and more optically demanding.
What should parents do?
Preventive vision control should start from the maternity ward, newborn babies, to be repeated at the age of 8 to 12 months, and ALL CHILDREN AGED 3-4 YEARS SHOULD PREVENTLY CHECK THEIR VISION.
Parents should remember that children are not tiny adults but dynamically growing organisms. For this reason, preventive tests should be performed by ophthalmologists who are aware of the normal course of development of children’s vision, as well as its deviations.