Museum: Learning area
Article by the museum educator, Mr. Evmorfia Tsiamaga
According to the British Museum Association, museums are institutions that collect, protect and make accessible objects and samples of the natural world that they keep for the benefit of society.
In order to achieve the above, they plan exhibitions, educational programs and a variety of events, attracting small and large visitors to expose their imagination and broaden their knowledge. It is important to keep in mind that learning is not just the teaching of facts and cognitive information, but also experiences and feelings.
Learning is also influence
d by motivation, attitudes, prior knowledge and is a personal and social experience.
For this reason, museums now place greater emphasis on their audience than in their collections. They try to trace visitors’ needs through public surveys, identify groups that do not visit them and find ways to reach them.
The most crowded audience is still the school population. However, a simple walk in a museum does not bring forth the desired pedagogical benefits. It is therefore important to involve children and all visitors in communication activities with pedagogical goals. These activities sometimes enhance direct communication with visitors through educational programs of schools, actions and leisure time workshops for different audiences, approach programs, social inclusion, etc. and sometimes they are means of indirect communication with the public through the production of printed material, museums, educational exhibitions, digital applications using the internet, etc.
They are, therefore, an excellent proposal for the use of leisure time by families and, of course, the educational community of all levels can take advantage of these diverse museum actions both in relation to the curriculum and cross-thematic.
Particularly important is the fact that these actions are offered free of charge by the public museums of our country and are systematically implemented. Relevant information is provided in the printed and electronic press as well as on the official websites of the museums that organize them.