The Arch of Galerius (Kamara) and Galerius Palace

One of the most famous meeting points in the city, on Egnatia street, Kamara was built shortly before 305 AD, to commemorate the victory of Galerius against the Persians in 298 AD. Along with the White Tower it is probably the most famous destination for both locals and visitors.

Take a close look at its narrative/decorative reliefs. Kamara was part of the Galerian complex, along with the remains of the palace-with the impressive Octagon- that dominate in Navarinou Square as well as their Apsidal hall in the archeological site of Dimitriou Gounari.

 

 

The sculpted decoration of the Arch still impresses the visitor, while it is easy to distinguish and study the numerous representations. As the purpose of the whole project was to emphasize the triumph of Rome, it is no surprise that the emperor and his achievements, as well as the imperial family, are at the center of the scenes.

 

Emperor Galerius is pictured on his horse attacking while an eagle approaches and surrounds him with a victory wreath. This is essentially the expression of Caesar’s power, a basic and necessary element of the Roman political theory.

The Persian soldiers appear to be significantly smaller in size, as they are overshadowed by the emperor, while they can be distinguished by their Oriental outfit. Most of the scenes have a warlike or triumphant character while the presence of elephants and mainly camels in the Northern pillar gives a local character to the narratives. Ceasar’s mercifulness is also present as we can see him forgiving the defeated

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